The era of massively parallel computing begins

A machine designed to carry out more than 100 simultaneous streams of calculations came to NCAR in August of 1999 , with the installation of an IBM RS/6000 SP system, a cluster of eight black towers dubbed “black forest.” The 167-node machine more than doubled the NCAR computing center’s peak capacity. Over the course of its lifetime, black forest provided scientists with a platform to study global climate change, droughts, long-range weather prediction, atmospheric chemistry, and space weather.